Austin Plants Paid Sick Leave Flag in the South
By Michael J. Soltis, Esq.
In the wee hours of this morning, the Austin City Council passed a paid sick leave ordinance, the first jurisdiction in the South to ever do so. It is effective Oct. 1, 2018 for employers with more than five employees. For smaller employers, it is effective Oct. 1, 2020.
That the ordinance passed should come as no surprise. As we have seen, a jurisdiction’s “blue” political status increases the chances that a paid sick leave (PSL) will pass. Travis County, of which Austin is the seat, is a deep blue enclave in the red sea of Texas. Two-thirds of Travis County voters voted for Secretary Clinton in the 2016 election.
The City Council passed an amended version of the Jan. 19 draft ordinance. It requires private sector employers with more than 15 employees to provide employees who work at least 80 hours within the city in a calendar year to accrue PSL at the rate of one hour for every 30 hours worked, up to 64 hours annually. The yearly accrual cap for employers with up to 15 employees is 48 hours annually. The amendment states that an employer may restrict an employee’s use of accrued time during the employee’s first 60 days of employment “if the employer establishes that the employee’s term of employment is at least one year.” It is unclear, at least to me, whether an employer can impose a 60 day waiting period on at-will employees.
Unused sick time is carried over to the following year although an employer may frontload the yearly cap and avoid carrying over unused time. An employer may cap annual usage at “8 calendar days” in a calendar year.
An employee may use accrued time for the employee’s own or a family member’s illness, injury, health condition, or preventive care or for an absence related to domestic abuse, sexual assault, or stalking involving the employee or a family member.
The amended ordinance adds a safe harbor provision stating that an employer that offers paid time off that meets the “accrual, purpose and usage” requirements of the ordinance need not provide additional sick time.
Enforcement of the ordinance is through with the City of Austin Equal Employment Opportunity/Fair Housing Office.
Now that Austin has passed this ordinance, the next obvious question is whether Texas will pass a preemption law banning political subdivisions from enacting local PSL laws, effectively negating the Austin ordinance. A state representative from Austin has already stated his intent to pursue that strategy., according to a report. On to Round Two?
***This article originally appeared on the Paid Sick Leave @Work site and was reposted on the DMEC website with their permission.***